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Информация о издательстве Stengel & Co, Dresden

Stengel & Co, Dresden

Stengel & Co. (1885-1945), Dresden, Germany.
This firm, first called Stengel & Markert was founded by Emil Stengel and Heinrich Markert after buying out the collotype printer, Scherer & Engler. After Markert left to start his own printshop around 1889, the firm assumed the name Stengel & Co. They began producing postcards about this time though they had printed some collotype souvenir cards under their old name at least as far back as 1885. An office was opened in Berlin in 1899 and another factory for collotype and halftone printing followed two years later. They also opened a London office in 1901. Now working as printer, publisher, and distributor, they became the largest producer of postcards in the world. Having expanded into chromolithography, they became a major publisher and printer of fine art cards in their World’s Galleries series. Their chromolithographs employed fourteen to twenty-two litho-stones to achieve subtle coloration. They are possibly the finest quality postcards ever produced. Stengel’s cards were first distributed by O. Flammger, then Misch & Company in Great Britain, and by the Rotograph Company in the United States from whom they took over their production of art cards.
While Stengel is best known for their art cards they also published a great number of worldwide view-cards. The earliest were produced as black & white collotypes, which began to be hand colored around 1895. The simplicity of these cards make them bare little resemblance in quality to their better known art cards, and they can pass for undistinguished cards made by other publishers. Their inconsistent numbering system helps to make these more difficult to identify and date. More elaborate and higher quality collotypes in monotone, dutone, and color would latter be made.
Stengel also produced lithographic artist drawn view-cards with a far more limited hues than their art cards, but their artistry in color blending is handled with such skill to give the illusion of a broader palette. A variety of other types of color cards were also produced including tinted halftones.

This firm became a Limited public company in 1906 shortly after the death of Emil Stengel. Around 1909 Joseph Keller became manager of Stengel & Co., and the Keller family was now majority shareholders. By 1913 the firm was increasingly expanding into commercial printing, which may in part been due to tariffs placed on German cards. Following World War One their cards were produced through offset lithography and as bromide real photos. Their factories were heavily damaged during World War Two, but production continued in postwar years after the firm was nationalized into the Volkerfreundschaft by the East German government. Collotype printing continued until 1991 but the Stengel name was only kept for a few years. The Kellers also kept the Stengel & Co. name after moving to Frankfurt but it is unclear as to what they produced.  
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  • дата: 2009-06-11
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